With big changes happening in healthcare – and more and more organizations adopting the Triple Aim approach (improving the patient experience, improving the health of populations, and reducing the cost of care) – healthcare professionals are increasingly debating the implementation of a national Unique Patient Identifier (UPI) system. The system would assign individuals a unique number (almost like the healthcare version of a Social Security Number), which would be used identify them across hospitals, physician practices, and other medical facilities nationwide.
Unique Patient Identifiers could help medical organizations meet care objectives in the following ways:
1. By easily identifying individuals for care delivery purposes and administrative functions.
At present, most healthcare facilities identify patients using demographic data such as first and last name, Social Security Number, and date of birth. However, even using a combination of this data, mistakes are often made. Not all patients willingly provide their Social Security Number, for example – and it’s common in many practices for two patients to have the same name and date of birth. This can create confusion and can result in doctors treating one patient while referencing the health record of another. It can lead to duplicate health records being created and patient health data getting spread out over multiple charts. The current system, it’s obvious, is flawed; but Unique Patient Identifier system could fix it.
With a UPI, a provider could easily look up a patient and know without a doubt that the health record they pulled up was correct. They wouldn’t have to worry about quadruple checking that the chart they have is for the right John Smith, and it wouldn’t matter how many times a patient changed their name – the number would always be the same.
2. By identifying patient information to facilitate accurate and comprehensive care.
Getting prompt access to patient health records is necessary for doctors to provide accurate and efficient care. Yet, it isn’t always fast or easy for doctors to obtain health records from other medical facilities, especially those in other states. Unique Patient Identifiers would change that by making it easier for providers to locate patient data, including test results, procedures and exam notes, in order to provide more complete care to patients. It would also ensure that health records were truly accurate portrayals of an individual’s medical history, as they would follow the patient from birth until death.
3. By guaranteeing the privacy, confidentiality and security of patient data.
Privacy and security are major concerns in using UPIs in electronic environments. However, these same concerns exist now over the privacy of data contained within electronic health record systems. With better security protocols, encryption, and protection against unauthorized access, these concerns can easily be dispelled. Patients could even choose not to have other identifying data in their records, making them completely anonymous.